SAP Screen Personas
SQ01 Maintain SAP Query
This access method depends solely on the rights assigned to the user. System users: Users of this user group are comparable to SAP*. They act as administrator in the system. Therefore, they should be deactivated / set to inactive as soon as possible, as soon as the system operation is ensured. You should still be aware of the SAP ERP environment to address this security risk. In a HANA system, there are privileges instead of permissions. The difference is first of all in terms of terminology. Nevertheless, the permissions are assigned differently (directly / indirectly) via the assignment of roles. These are thus accumulations of privileges. As in older SAP systems, system users must be disabled and certain roles that already exist must be restricted. Compared to an SAP ERP system, small apps are allowed instead of large applications. In this case, attention should be paid to an individual authorisation. It should be a matter of course for users to have implemented secure password rules. Settings Securing the system also means securing the underlying infrastructure. Everything from the network to the host's operating system must be secured. When looking at the system landscape, it is striking that the new technology brings many connections that need to be secured. The SAP Gateway, which is responsible for the connection between backend and frontend, is also a security risk and must be considered. All security settings of existing and future components must be validated to HANA compatibility. Secure communication of connections is obtained when you restrict access where possible. Encryption of the data of a HANA system is disabled by default. Be sure to encrypt sensitive data anyway. Especially data that is archived. If an attack is made on your system, you should be able to run forensic analysis, so you should enable the audit log. Moreover, few users should have access to it.
SAP Basis is responsible for the smooth operation of the SAP Basis system. The SAP Basis system is like an operating system for R/3 as well as S/4. Every operating system, such as Windows, provides an environment in which programs developed for that environment can run, such as MS Office. Likewise, the SAP Basis system provides an environment in which SAP programs can run. In any R/3 or S/4 system, there is a database server, such as HANA, where the database resides. It provides the necessary data to all other applications. The data here is not only data tables, but also applications, system control tables and user data.
Installing, maintaining and servicing other software that is not an SAP system but also provides important functions such as SAP Router, SAP Cloud Connector, TREX, SAP ETD and many more
Instead of data maintenance and application development, SAP Basis is more about providing and maintaining the software environment on which the data resides and is processed. Therefore, SAP Basis is an important core of any SAP infrastructure and is required in both predecessor versions such as R/3 and current versions such as S/4HANA 2021.
Sound up-to-date know-how: With SAP Basis support, you can save time and money on training that would be needed in-house to keep your employees up to date. An SAP expert is always familiar with the latest technologies.
Tools such as "Shortcut for SAP Systems" are extremely useful in basic administration.
The fact that such a user adjustment is necessary can have several reasons.
With ftp, transfer all files with the *.PAT extension in binary mode and all files with the *.ATT extension in ASCII mode from the /usr/sap/trans/EPS/in directory (UNIX and AS/400) or
:\usr\sap\trans\EPS\in (Windows NT) of the source system to the target system transport directory.