SAP Basis SU21 Maintenance of authorization objects - SAP Corner

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SU21 Maintenance of authorization objects
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Since jobs and backups should run at set times for organizational or technical reasons, automating them is a good idea. In simple, clear system environments, many SAP Basis administrators help themselves with SAP CPS (Central Process Scheduling) and simple ABAP batch jobs that start operations or other jobs. Since the desires and the system environments usually grow continuously, this approach becomes complex and confusing over time and troubleshooting often becomes difficult. As a result, maintainability often falls by the wayside and error-proneness can increase. If different jobs are strung together to form chains, further problems arise.

To display custom tiles based on catalogues and groups when the launchpad starts, permissions are placed in the menu of the underlying role. This makes it possible to ensure that every user on the launchpad can only see and open their applications. Open Launchpad permissions SAP provides default roles for opening the Fiori Launchpad. This distinguishes between the Fiori permissions to start the launchpad normally and to manage the user interface.
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IMPORT_PROPER In this step, the repository and table entries are recorded. There are the following reasons that may lead to the termination of this step: TP_INTERFACE_FAILURE: Unable to call tp interface. TP_FAILURE: The tp programme could not be run. For more information, see the SLOG or ALOG log file. TP_STEP_FAILURE: A tp-Step could not be performed successfully. The cause of the error can be found in the appropriate protocol, for example in the import or generation protocol. If the generation (tp-Step G) is aborted, you can either fix the errors immediately or after the commit is completed. In the latter case, you must do the following: To ignore the generation errors, select Additions Ignore Gen Error. Continue the playback. Buffer synchronisation problems can also cause generation errors. For more information, see Note 40584.

It should be mentioned here that it only makes sense to access the tables by reading the SELECT statement to get a quick view of the results. Using the DBACOCKPIT, it is not possible to create entire table structures using Create Table. For such applications, SAP provides other, better options. Another important point is that once a user has the necessary permissions to use the transaction DBACOCKPIT, it can potentially (with appropriate permissions on the tables) access the entire SAP system. For example, a query can be used to read the entire user table. Therefore, the transaction should always be treated with caution and only awarded to administrators. DBACOCKPIT handles the call control permissions similar to the SE16 / SE16N transaction. When the table is called, the S_TABU_DIS or S_TABU_NAM permission object is checked with a specific activity. This means that only the tables or table permission groups for which the corresponding values in the aforementioned permission objects are assigned can be accessed. You can read more about assigning permissions to individual tables here. In addition, you can save SQL statements that you run once, and run them again at any time to recognise changes in the result set without having to reformulate the SQL statement each time. The editor also allows you to start the query for SQL statements in the background. The result is obtained by calling the transaction SM37, in which the result is output in a spool file.

With "Shortcut for SAP Systems" a tool is available that greatly facilitates some tasks in the SAP basis.

Without this confirmation, it is not possible to insert additional support packages.

The website offers many useful information about SAP basis.

The application window is illustrated in an example in the following screenshot: Evaluation of the use of the Emergency User Concept Once this request has been initiated, a new mode will be opened for the user, in which he can work with the extended rights.
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