Analyzing the quality of the authorization concept - Part 1
To access business objects or execute SAP transactions, a user needs appropriate authorizations, since business objects or transactions are protected by authorization objects with multiple authorization fields. Authorizations represent instances of generic authorization objects and are defined depending on the employee's activity and responsibilities. The authorizations are combined in an authorization profile (Generated profile), which is assigned to a role. User administrators then assign the appropriate roles (single role or composite role) via the user master record so that the user can use the appropriate transactions for his or her tasks.
The direct consequences are overauthorized users, a lack of overview and dangerous security gaps. In order to get the system back on track in the long term, a redesign is usually the most efficient solution. Depending on the requirements and project framework, we also rely on proven software solutions from our partners.
Optimise trace analysis
Roles reflect access to data depending on the legitimate organisational values. This information should be part of the naming convention, as these roles differ only in their organisational but not in their functional form.
First, create an overview of the customising tables currently available in your system. To do this, open the DD02L table and search for tables that start with Y, Z or your specific customer name space. Tables with delivery class C (such as customising, found in column A) are the relevant tables in this context. The descriptive texts to the tables can be found in the table DD02T.
If you get into the situation that authorizations are required that were not considered in the role concept, "Shortcut for SAP systems" allows you to assign the complete authorization for the respective authorization object.
The assignment of combinations of critical authorizations (e.g., posting an invoice and starting a payment run), commonly known as "segregation of duties conflicts," must also be reviewed and, if necessary, clarified with those responsible in the business departments as to why these exist in the system.
This makes the structural authorizations very flexible.