SAP Authorizations Authorization concept - user administration process - SAP Corner

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Authorization concept - user administration process
Use the authorisation route to identify proposed values for customer developments
SAP*: The SAP* user is part of the SAP kernel, and since it is hard-coded in the SAP system, it does not require a user master set. If there is no user master set for SAP*, anyone can log on to the SAP system after rebooting with this user, as the default password will then apply. The user thus has access to all functions, since Authority Checks in this case do not take effect. You can prevent this behaviour by setting the login/no_automatic_user_sapstar profile parameter to 1. If you want to copy clients, you have to set this parameter to 0 again before you do so, because the user SAP* is required for this. Safeguard measures: Despite the parameter setting, the SAP user should have a user master set in all clients. However, you should remove all profiles and lock the user. In addition, change the password, assign the user to the SUPER user group, and log it with the Security Audit Log.

WF-BATCH: The WF-BATCH user is used for background processing in SAP Business Workflow and is created automatically when customising workflows. WF-BATCH is often associated with the SAP_ALL profile because the exact requirements for the permissions depend on the user's usage. The password of the user can be set and synchronised via the transaction SWU3. Safeguard measures: After automatic generation, change the user's password and assign it to the SUPER user group.
Custom requirements
With the help of the SAP-Note 1642106 it is possible to automatically perform the text comparison from SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP 7.0. Inserting the note will automatically perform text matching for any changes to PFCG roles in the central system. We recommend that you install the support package that is appropriate for your release, which is specified in the SAP Note, because inserting the hint requires a lot of manual work. With the help of the SUSR_ZBV_GET_RECEIVER_PROFILES report, you can turn on the new functionality in all subsidiary systems where the correction information has also been recorded. If you run the report in the central system with the default selection, all subsidiary systems are included. You can check whether the function is present in the daughter systems in the report log.

The case that the user buffer is not up to date is very rare. The auth/new_buffering profile parameter sets the value 4 to immediately update the permissions, i.e. changes to the user root or roles or profiles, and write them to the USRBF2 database table without requiring a new login. This value is set by default. The fact that the buffer is not up-to-date is recognised by the fact that existing permissions that are not in the buffer are marked in the transaction SU56 with the note "In the root data but not in the user buffer".

With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you can automate the assignment of roles after a go-live.

The organisation of a company is represented in the SAP system.

The website offers a lot of useful information about SAP authorizations.

To read or modify data, a user must have both the privilege of performing a specific action and the privilege of accessing the object.
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