SAP Authorizations Excursus Special feature for authorizations for FIORI Apps under S/4HANA - SAP Corner

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Excursus Special feature for authorizations for FIORI Apps under S/4HANA
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The general authorizations are quite normal authorization objects in SAP HCM, which regulates the access to PA/PD infotypes (tables PAnnnn / HRPnnnn), clusters for the own person or for other persons. Typical authorization objects are "P_PERNR", "P_ORGIN", "P_ORGXX", "PLOG" and "P_PLCX".

The password lock is not suitable to prevent the login to the system, because it does not prevent the login via single sign-on. Learn how to safely lock the system logon. The SAP system distinguishes several reasons for blocking. Therefore, sometimes there is confusion when a user is still able to log on to the system, e.g. via Single Sign-on (SSO), despite the password lock. We explain the differences between locking passwords, locking and validity of user accounts, and validity of assigned permissions in the following.
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Are you already using BAPIs in user care? For example, you can use them to set up a password reset self service. We show you how to do this and what you need to pay attention to. Especially with large system landscapes and systems that are only sporadically used, users often forget their password. Strengthened password rules (e.g. to change a password regularly or to require certain character types to be used), which are supposed to serve security, do their part. Forgotten passwords and the frequently resulting user locks are unfortunately often lost to the user when access to a system is most needed. Unlocking a user and assigning a new password is rarely done in real time, even with large 24-hour support service departments. This problem, which I am sure you are familiar with, does not exactly promote employee satisfaction and productivity. A self-service that uses the Business Application Programming Interfaces (BAPIs) can counteract this.

In the SAP system, passwords are locked when the maximum number of allowed password login errors is reached. This counter is reset with a password each time you successfully log in. In addition, an initial password can be locked when its validity has expired. Both the validity of the initial password and the maximum value for password login errors are set using profile parameters. For details, see Tip 4, "Set password parameters and valid passwords characters". A password lock only prevents a user from logging in via his password, because the number of errors is only evaluated if the login is done by password. If a login is now made via other authentication methods (such as SSO), these are not affected by the password lock. This also applies to internal expiration procedures (such as background jobs) because you do not need to register a password. This prevents, for example, denial-of-service attacks, which first cause a password to be locked in order to block internal processes. Eine Ausnahme von dieser Regel gibt es allerdings: Auch wenn andere Authentifizierungsverfahren genutzt werden, prüft das System, ob der Benutzer dazu in der Lage ist, sich mit einem Passwort anzumelden. Wenn dies der Fall ist und das Passwort gerade geändert werden muss, wird diese Änderung vom Benutzer abgefragt. Diese Abfrage können Sie aber auch mithilfe des Profilparameters login/password_change_for_SSO ausschalten.

During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.

This solution is only available with a support package starting with SAP NetWeaver AS ABAP 7.31 and requires a kernel patch.

The website offers a lot of useful information about SAP authorizations.

So far, the maintenance of the authorization objects has been very unmanageable.
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