SAP Authorizations General authorizations - SAP Corner

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General authorizations
Controlling permissions for the SAP NetWeaver Business Client
WF-BATCH: The WF-BATCH user is used for background processing in SAP Business Workflow and is created automatically when customising workflows. WF-BATCH is often associated with the SAP_ALL profile because the exact requirements for the permissions depend on the user's usage. The password of the user can be set and synchronised via the transaction SWU3. Safeguard measures: After automatic generation, change the user's password and assign it to the SUPER user group.

Do you have considerable care effort due to additional roles that you cannot deduce? Create a new organisational level to solve your problems. In the SAP system, you can create derived roles for specific fields in authorization objects. This is possible only if these fields are organisation levels. Unfortunately, not all fields that you need as an organisation level are laid down in the standard as such, such as the cost centre. It may also be that you only use one sales organisation in your company and would therefore like to define the sales office. So there are several reasons why you want to define a field as an organisational level. We will explain how this works and what you need to consider.
SAP Security Automation
If your users are allowed to share their own background jobs, you need the JOBACTION = RELE permission to the S_BTCH_JOB object. In this case, you can start all jobs at the desired time. In many cases, background jobs are used for the professional or technical operation of applications; Therefore, we recommend that you schedule these background jobs under a System-Type technical user (see also Tip 6, "Note the impact of user types on password rules"). The advantage of this is that the permissions can be controlled more accurately and you do not run the risk of a job being lost if the user under whom it was scheduled to leave your company once. You can realise the association with a system user by giving the user who plans the job permission for the S_BTCH_NAM object. In the BTCUNAME field, the name of the step user, i.e. the user under whom the job should run, such as MUSTERMANN, is entered.

For a long time, SAP authorization consultants and ABAP developers have disagreed on how to implement authorization object characteristics in the coding. There are two positions: On the one hand, consultants advise never to test for the signal word DUMMY, the constant space or the literal ' '. These tests only superficially check for the existence of an authorization object and do not react to settings in the field specification in the profile of the roles. Moreover, the literal ' ' is then authorized because it is displayed in the transaction STAUTHTRACE. On the other hand, there are situations where development uses these superficial tests to save the user time and the machine resources. If the program determines early on that the user does not have the necessary objects in the user buffer, it may abort before the first SELECT and issue an appropriate error message. Both positions contain a kernel of truth. Let's look at the effects of different programming on a simplified example. The role(s) have only the authorization object S_DEVELOP with the field value DEVCLASS "Z*".

For the assignment of existing roles, regular authorization workflows require a certain minimum of turnaround time, and not every approver is available at every go-live. With "Shortcut for SAP systems" you have options to assign urgently needed authorizations anyway and to additionally secure your go-live.

A prerequisite for the user buffer to be up-to-date is the correct user matching (green instead of yellow statusabilds on the Users tab).

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Analytical privileges: Analytical Privileges are read permissions on SAP HANA data models (such as Analytic View and Calculation View) that control read access so that the user can only view data in the object that he or she is entitled to view based on defined values or value combinations.
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