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You want to create a permission concept for applications that use SAP HANA? Find out what you should consider in terms of technical basics and tools. As described in Tip 22, "Application Solutions for User Management in SAP HANA", there are different application scenarios where the permission assignment on the HANA database is required.
For an authorization concept, a clear goal must first be defined that is to be achieved with the help of the concept. This should list which regulatory requirements the respective SAP system must fulfill and the associated authorization concept must take into account. In this way, the legal framework conditions are defined. In addition, uniform naming conventions should be used because, on the one hand, many things cannot be changed after the initial naming and, on the other hand, this ensures searchability in the SAP system. Clearly defined responsibilities ensure the effectiveness of a concept. Specific persons must be named or at least roles defined in a separate section. A chapter should be dedicated to the process for user management. Here, it must be described how users obtain existing SAP authorizations, how new users are integrated into the SAP system, and who is responsible for approving authorizations. The chapter on the process for authorization management defines who is allowed to create and edit which roles and who is responsible for the development of various related processes. The chapter on special authorizations describes processes and special features in the area of non-dialog operations. These include job management and interface convention. Other administrative authorizations can also be described. The chapter on role concept explains how business requirements are transferred to a technical role. The role concept takes on a special significance, since it describes the actual mapping of business roles to the technical roles and thus to the authorizations in SAP.
Generic access to tables
Authorization trace - Transaction: STUSOBTRACE - Transaction STUSOBTRACE is used to evaluate the authorization trace in the SAP system. This is a trace that collects authorization data over a longer period of time in several clients and user-independently and stores it in a database (table USOB_AUTHVALTRC).
EARLYWATCH: The user EARLYWATCH only exists in the client 066, because it serves the remote maintenance by the SAP support. EARLYWATCH only has display rights for performance and monitoring functions. Safeguard measures: Lock down the user EARLYWATCH and only unlock it when requested by SAP Support. Change the password, assign it to the SUPER user group, and log it with the Security Audit Log.
During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.
You can use the Security Audit Log to control security-related events.
At www.sap-corner.de you will also find a lot of useful information on the subject of SAP authorizations.
With the help of the transaction SU22, the software developers can deliver their application with the appropriate authorization objects.