Set up login locks securely
AUTHORIZATIONS IN SAP SYSTEMS
When you create users in the SU01 transaction, do you want to automatically pre-occupy certain fields from a data source? Use a new BAdI for which we present an implementation example. If you create a user in the SU01 transaction in an SAP system, there is almost always data about that user in other systems. A classic example is user data in the Active Directory or the personnel master data in SAP ERP HCM, which are already maintained as part of the employee recruitment process. If user data is present in multiple systems, then the first choice is to automatically create a user through an identity management system, which is resolved by an HR trigger in SAP Identity Management (ID Management). ID Management detects changes, such as personnel master data, SAP ERP HCM, or business partners in SAP CRM, and either applies the appropriate users in your systems or makes changes and deactivations. But what if you don't have an identity management system in place? Do you need to type all of this data? No - you can pre-document them automatically. You can use a Business Add-in (BAdI), which allows you to pre-define certain fields when you create a user in the SU01 transaction.
The SAP authorization concept protects transactions, programs, services and information in SAP systems against unauthorized access. Based on the authorization concept, the administrator assigns users the authorizations that determine the actions this user can perform in the SAP system after logging on and being authenticated.
Authorization concept - recertification process
This start authorization check is delivered inactive. To use it, you must activate it. After activation, you can use authorizations to control which Web Dynpro ABAP applications users are allowed to run. For the start authorization check of Web Dynpro ABAP applications, the system uses the authorization object S_START in the same way as the authorization object S_TCODE for transactions. The object has the fields AUTHPGMID, AUTHOBJTYP and AUTHOBJNAM, which correspond to the key fields PGMID, OBJECT and OBJ_NAME of the object catalog (table TADIR). So, during the start authorization check, the Web Dynpro ABAP runtime checks the key of the object catalog entry for the Web Dynpro ABAP application.
Each UI component that can be clicked corresponds to an external service that must each have permission set up. UI components also include creating or calling stored searches or navigating from one record directly to another record, such as calling an appointment directly from a business partner; This corresponds to cross-navigation. All navigation options in the form of external services are defined in the customising of the CRM business role in the form of a generic outbound plug mapping to the navigation bar. Outbound Plugs (OP) define what happens when a user leaves a view in SAP CRM. Here the customising is set for scenarios that do not necessarily fit all CRM business roles. The corresponding CRM business roles have been configured to be associated with outbound plugs that are not required for the respective CRM business role scenario. This explains the large number of external services in the role menu.
"Shortcut for SAP systems" is a tool that enables the assignment of authorizations even if the IdM system fails.
If you have developed your own UI components in the Customer Name Room in SAP CRM and you want to authorise them via the default process, i.e. create a role menu for a PFCG role using the CRMD_UI_ROLE_PREPARE report, you must do some preliminary work.
Therefore, you should make both the modification and the transport of the changes outside of business hours.